Task 1: AREA’S IN THE INDUSTRY THAT MY WORK WILL BE RELEVANT TO POWER POINT:
Task 2: EQUIPMENT
For my project, a wide range of equipment, technologies, programs and sources will be needed. I will categorize them into consumables, technology, software, specifications and services.
This will include books, stationary, pens, pencils, paper and paint. As my project is based on experimental film, something that is relatively new to me, I will be conducting a lot of research. One of the ways that I will do this is by reading books on the subject. Apart from this, I will also be experimenting with paint on paper and in water, and the different ways that I can manipulate it to create an abstract effect in my experimental film. Lastly, I will be using paper and pens to take down notes of ideas that I have for the film- especially if I read something that inspires me.
The Art Shops (2015)
Winsor and Newton Cotman Watercolour Studio Set. This will cost 33.99 and will be used for both research and experimenting as well as when the project is being filmed. I can purchase it from http://www.theartshops.co.uk
(Screenshot taken from hobbycraft.co.uk)
This 100x 100 cm canvas is what I would use for my film. It would cost 16.00 and I can purchase it from hobbycraft.co.uk .
(This screenshot was taken from http://www.redbubble.com)
This notebook will be used to jot down any ideas or inspirations that may come to mind for my project. I will use it to take note of specific techniques I notice when watching other short films while conducting research. I will also take note of things I read in my research, so that I can come back to it while making my storyboard, shot lists, throughout filming and post production. This particular one cost 8.00. from http://www.redbubble.com
The technology that I use will include a camera, tripod, computer and editing equipment, lighting and a microphone.
The camera I will be using will be the Canon EOS 550D. It is quite sturdy, and it’s HD video features are sufficient for what I require. It is meant to be ideal for someone who does not have as much experience using DSLR, and as I have only recently started using them, the 550D’s easy to use features suits me well. It has great ISO noise handling, a good monitor and excellent image quality. It also includes 18 megapixel sensor.
Amazon.com, Inc (2017)
I am using this camera as it is the most available to me, as a student. However, in an ideal situation, and if were to make this film professionally in the industry, the camera I would chose would be the Canon XA30. It is a very high end product, but would help me produce atop quality film, ready to be distributed to film festivals. AVCHD video can be recorded at up to 28Mbps in 1080/50P. It works really well in low light because of it’s bright infrared light source built into the handle. This would be handy when I film a night film in the streets of Central London. The XA30 also has an especially wide DR mode, resulting in a dynamic range. This means the image will be brighter with higher contrast, working just as well in high lighted areas as it does in low lit areas.This feature will also cut down on colour correction, meaning less time will have to be spent in post production. Lastly, the XA30 has a compact but light weight body, and the handle is detachable This will be of great use when filming in confined or restricted areas, such as busy Oxford Street.
This camera can be rented for 68.00 per day from hireacamera.com
BH Photo Video (2017)
Furthermore, a tripod is a second piece of equipment absolutely necessary for my production, or any short film. Although a lot of my footage will be filmed freehand, as a shaky camera effect is desired for certain shots, there are certain scenes that are meant to be less abstract and experimental and need to be completely still. I will use it for the scenes where I film establishing shots of the subject in the room when she is painting, as well as filming close ups of the paint being swirled in the water and extreme close ups of the subject herself and the actions she performs. I will most likely not use it for most of the shots on oxford street and where it is busy in Central London, simply because it will not be practical when masses of people are passing constantly.
The tripod I will be using is the miller Air Carbon Fibre Tripod System. It is designed especially for professional DSLR cameras and is solidly built. It is also quite light weight, and ideal for filming in more rough and rugged areas. As I may have to carry the tripod up and down oxford street, its light weight feature is a necessity. It can be rented for 16.00 a day from https://www.hireacamera.com/en-gb/products/HAC00-01624-miller-air-carbon-fibre-tripod-system/
The headphones I will be using are the Marley Positive Vibration On ear headphones. These costed 69.95 at HMV, and the sound quality are good enough for what I require. The on ear design helps to block out background nose, so that I can focus solely on what I am editing, and hear only the sounds I am working with. The fact that the sound quality will be better than if I were to use cheaper headphones means I will be able to edit the sound more accurately, as the sound will be a lot clearer.
I do plan to manipulate and play around with the sound tracks that I use, to create a warped or echo effect. I believe these headphones will be a great help in helping me get the sounds I require.
JB HI -FI (2017)
The microphone I will be using is a shotgun microphone. It is long and pointed in shape, and is highly directional, meaning that it picks up most of it’s sound at the very tip. It has a unidirectional polar pattern, and must be pointed directly at the source of sound. When positioned like this, it picks up the main source of sound with a very high gain, while recording other noises that are present very subtly. It is able to illuminate background noise while still recording quality sound where it is directed.
I think this is ideal for what I intend to use the microphone for, as it will be used mainly to record sound effects and create foley sound. Examples of its use will be recording the ambient sound of the city, create sounds that imitate the strokes of a paintbrush, a apaintbrush being swirled in water and the tapping of fingers and feet on a surface. I may also use it to record some voiceovers.
I will be using the Rode Shot gun microphone, as it is widely regarded as the best microphone of this type to use in the professional film-making world. It is designed to be used with DSLR cameras and camcorders.
To rent per day it is 8.00. It can be rented from the website hireacamera.com
Rode Microphones (2017)
For the indoor scenes of my project, I would like to use Tungsten lights to create three point lighting. The first few scenes will have high key lighting, and as the mood of the film gets darker, the key light will become lower. It is important therefore, that I get three of these lights.
If I were making this film professionally, I would rent the ARRI ARRILITE 2000 BLONDE. To rent three of them, would be 90.00 per day.
I would also need to use a reflector, for the outdoor scenes. Using the sunlight as the main light source, I will position the reflector in a way that the light will bounce from it onto the subject.
To rent a reflector, it would cost me 6.00 a day. I would rent it from calumetrental.co.uk
benel.eu (no date)
Having a working computer is obviously a must for my project, and the one I would be using is the Dell Inspiron 22 3000. It is a particualrly fast computer, so it will be able to run Avid Media composer efficiently and without crashing or being non responsive. It’s Windows 10 system includes 5 GB of free storage on onedrive, which will be more than enough to save my project in Avid. Also, the fact that it is saved on onedrive, means that anything I save on there can be accessed anywhere.
Dell Inc. (2017)
For the editing of my film, I will be using Avid Composer. The reason for using this system is because over the past 3 terms I have learnt to use it it the best, above others. It is an American technology and multimedia editing system, that is widely used by professionals.
They specialise in both video and sound. I would like to research more into how I can manipulate and mix sound within the program, as I have previously only touched on it, while focusing mainly on the video editing. As it is quite popular, there are also quite a lot of tutorials and step by step guides on how to achieve or create specific effects in the program. As I intend to explore different techniques in the editing process to create the experimental effect, this will be very useful for me.
While researching what the best video editing software to use would be, I came across a couple of factors that encouraged me to continue using Avid to edit, and continue to learn as much as I could about its features. Before I ever started using Avid, I had learnt to use Premiere Pro, and loved it. However, when starting the course and being introduced to a completely new editing software I was quite apprehensive. Since then however, I have learnt how to use Avid just as well as Premiere Pro.
Furthermore, Avid arguably lets the user have the most control over their project. It’s trimming tools are the most efficient, and stand out among the other editing programs. There are a number of tools to perform this, such as the single-roller trim, dual-roller trim and overwrite trim.
I have realised the importance of knowing how to operate more than just one of the standard editing software in the film industry. Having a knowledge of all of the top software used is more likely to land me a job in the industry, rather than only knowing one. Avid is a software that has been used for decades, and knowing my way around this software is a huge advantage.
For me to purchase this program for a year, paying monthly, it would cost me US$49.99. I would purchase it from http://www.avid.com/media-composer
Google / Youtube
Google Help (2017)
The Google search engine as well as Youtube have been and will continue to be major assets for me as I conduct my research. Google has been the main place I go to when I need to find out the more general information about topics that I am including in my project. I read a lot of articles and blogs about materialism and existentialism that I found through google, and also watched a lot of talks revolving around these subjects on Youtube. I have used Youtube a great deal, both for inspiration for my own project, and for learning how to achieve certain looks while filming and editing. I have watched countless short films and experimental films that are available on Youtube as well, without them, i would not have been able to fully flesh my idea.
Task 3: TARGET AUDIENCE
Task 4: JOB ROLES
Job Role: DIRECTOR
To be able to get a job as a director, qualifications in the field are not always necessary but can give one a huge advantage. Having a degree in film or media production can lead to an employer choosing you over someone who does not, when you both have experience in the field. A suitable qualification would include a BA degree in filmmaking, film and television production, or media.
Knowing the skills necessary for becoming a director is obviously a given, and ultimately what will make me appropriate for the job I am applying to. It is essential to have the ability to transfer a written script into a visual audio moving picture on the screen. A creative eye is needed for this, and the success of films artistic nature and the way it is taken by the audience is depends on this.
Furthermore, as a director, I must have a good understanding of all the technical skills required for the production, even if I may not particularly perform all of them myself. This would include cinematography skills and being able to effectively work the camera, lighting skills and the artistic ability to manipulate them for a specific look, audio skills as well as editing skills. In order to have a vision for the film it only makes sense that you know how all of the elements within the production will create it. In some jobs, I may even be asked to write the script or edit independently, especially if the project is small scale (for example, a short documentary.)
In addition, the ability to communicate effectively is a huge must. If the director does not communicate his ideas and requests clearly to the other creators on set, the film may turn out completely different to how it was intended to. Also, bad communication can lead to feuds between crew members, and this would have a negative impact on the entire production. On top of this, a director must be able to solve any issues that come up in the production of the film fairly quickly and handle the stress well, so that they can move on from it and continue production.
Experience in the field of filmmaking is an attribute that almost every employer requires of a director, something that people who have all the skills yet lack connections in the industry can find quite frustrating. The only way to get around this as a new director is to start from the bottom, and work your way up to the top. Even if I have graduated with a degree in filmmaking and feel I am fully equipped to start making festival nominated films, If I lack experience professionally, my chances of getting employed are very slim. I would have to be satisfied with accepting a low to no income job if necessary, as a runner, producer or director assistant in order to build my connections, work my way up in the industry and eventually get the experience that I need to obtain the directing job I want.
A top personal attribute I must possess to be successful in the film industry is the ability to confidently.
Having a vision is one of the key skills that a Director must have. They must be able to make the movie original and have a certain edge about it, that sets it apart from films made before. The ability to generate ideas and display them in the movie with the help of the actors, cinematographers and other crew members is essential.
Without persistence and being a perfectionist, a film could come out mediocre and lacking something. A director should never settle for okay, but instead make sure the film has the best possible quality in all the areas of filmmaking before it is officially finished and released. Even if it means having to do one task multiple times, it is necessary in order to achieve perfection, or the closest thing to it.
Furthermore, the director must have the determination to do whatever it takes to make his/her film the best it can be, and stop at nothing until satisfaction. Even under pressure, they should be able to push through and get the work done. If a problem arises, such as an actor not portraying a character like it was imagined to be, the director should do whatever in their power make it work.
Another skill the direct must have is the ability to express his/her ideas, opinions and thoughts without the fear of what others may think. Especially if they want to rise to the top of the film industry, confidence and making yourself known is essential, in order to get your film on the big screen recognized by a large audience.
The Director directs every aspect of the filmmaking process, so they must be able to have good authority and leadership skills. They have to be able to work well with the film crew and ensure they are performing at their best. The ultimate goal is to have an outstanding finished film product, and in order to achieve this, the cinematographers,editors, sound and lighting producers and actors must work cohesively to portray exactly what the director had intended for the film.
Budgeting is also a vital skill. If the director does not manage how much money they spend making the film, and spends too much in one area and not enough in another, there is a chance that the filmmaking would have to be put to a stop, as funds have run out. It is therefore essential that the director keeps track on their film budget
There are a number of directors that I can relate to, who inspire me, and who I aspire to be like. One of them is Amma Asante, a british female film director and screen-writer. She has made the films Belle (2013) and A United Kingdom (2016), both which I really resonate with. The themes portrayed and nature of the way it is directed both inspire me for what i intend to produce in my own films. She loves to depict hard hitting themes that are often shied away from, and this I love.
Another director who i have always had a fascination about is David Lynch. He has particularly inspired me for the experimental film that I am making for this project, and is a widely critically acclaimed American Director. His personality and beliefs are really reflected in his work, which is all very quirky, artistic, a little abstract and even weird. It shows that understanding who I am as a person is where my ideas will stem from, something we explored earlier in the FMP. Some of his films include Blue Velvet, Eraserhead, Mulholland Drive and The Elephant Man.
KEY TEAM MEMBERS
Obviously as a director, teamwork is a must, and working together effectively is what makes the final project come together successfully. I would be required to work together quite closely with the producer, cinematographer, lighting director, sound director, script writer and editor. This will help me to make sure my vision for the film is portrayed in all of the elements of production. Also, as an employee it will ensure that I am doing what is required of me.
Task 5: LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
In the making of my project, there are a number of legal issues and requirements that I must consider and work around, right from pre production, to post production and the evaluation. If legal things are ignored, even if they do sound miniscule, I recognise that I can be penalised as a filmmaker and therefore will do what is necessary to avoid this.
Firstly, the local laws of the community, city and country where the film is being shot and released need to be recognised. This will include permission for filming in private locations, filming with children and filming in public. If i want to film on public land, I would have to get in contact with local authority and recieve permission. As a large part of my film is filmed on streets and around buildings, this would be a neccessity for me if I were to make the film professionally. I would be able to get ahold of the appropriate local authority by through UK Screen Agencies. (http://www.britishfilmcommission.org.uk/crew-facilities/locations/uk-agencies/) To get permission to film in London, I can contact the authorities at firstname.lastname@example.org or call +44 (0)20 7613 7683. To find all of the information I need about filming in Kent, I can visit their website http://kentfilmoffice.co.uk/filming-in-kent-2/filming-guidelines/. They specifically require that the Kent Film Office as well as local authorities and police must be consulted on all filming activity to take place on public or private property where it impacts on public areas.
Data Protection and Privacy
Data protection involves protecting the information of individuals. In the film industry, this would apply to filming in public and getting the appropriate permission from the individuals. The Data Protection Act 1998 gives people are right to access information about them, and gives rules when personal data is being processed. It is important to not overlook this, especially when the public is being filmed, and read the rules and regulations carefully before undergoing production.Withe the nature of my project, this is something I will definitely have to do.
In my own project, this will mainly apply to the research I undertake, rather than actual production, as my film is fictional and unlike a documentary, it will not be based on real life events or contain real stories that belong to specific people. However, while researching, I will be interviewing people, and giving out questionnaires to getpeoples thoughts on some of the dominant themes in my film. If the parties involved want to keep their identity a secret, I must do this. If a filmmaker breaches confidentiality, it is very possible for them to get sued. The person who’owns’ the information has the authority to destroy the medium that contains their information, if they go through the court.
Permissions and Releases