LIGHTING

A lighting director, or Director of Photography is the person who is in charge of creating the desired look for a film in terms of lighting, framing and camera movement. They are one of the most important Heads of Department and are responsible for giving a film its unique look, that stands out above the rest. Their main equipment however, is those that would have and create lighting, which has an abundance of positive effects on a films overall look. Light can be used to illuminate a shot, create a mood, create texture and shape and guide the audiences attention.

According to Broadwell and Thompson in their book Film Art, there are four main features of filmic lighting; direction, source, quality and colour.

Directional lighting categorizes what direction the light is coming from. These include frontal light, side light, back light, under light, and top light. They all have different effects, and can enhance what an image is trying to portray immensely. Depending on where it positioned, it can also change the appearance of a subjects face, either distorting it or enhancing it. An under light for example, can distort a persons face, as it creates a lot of shadow under the eyes, nose and mouth, and even creates a dark shape between the eyes. In contrast, a frontal light understates small details on a face that one would usually try to cover up. It tends to make the subject more attractive, rather the one previously described, which does quite the opposite.

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Example of an Under light
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Example of a frontal light, taken of Emma Stone in The Amazing Spiderman (2012). Because of the light pointing directly at the subject, fine lines on her face are less apparent. It consequently makes the face appear more flawless, leading to a more attractive look.
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The backlight in this image is extremely vivid and captivating. The absence of a fill light means that the subject is completely dark, their details not at all visable, and they appear as a shadow. Most of the time, a back light is used to add definition to the subject when used together with the fill and key light. However, using it by itself like in the image above can have a dramatic effect.
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A lot of the time, a top light is one that is visible within a scene – for example it may be on the ceiling of a classroom where a scene is being shot. In this particular shot shown in the image above, the light is purposefully and strategically placed to create a particular effect. It is usually the key light, so the main light source is coming from above. It can also be used to create the appearance of sunlight, and if used with a frontal key light, it can remove shadows. When used alone however, the shadow created are intense and give the shot a queer or mysterious mood.
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A side light projects light onto one side of a subjects face, therefore creating a show on the other side. It can create moods of mystery, perplex or even mistrust. Taken from the film Inception (2010)

 

Source

There are 2 types of light sources; natural and artificial

Natural Light Sources.

Natural light sources include sunlight, moonlight, fire

 

 

ses of light

illumination

Mood

Guide our attention

texture and shape

shadows- two types-attached and cast

Four major features of filmic lighting :

Quality

hard – clearly defined shadows/ light and dark areas

soft – diffused illumination soft shadows indirect or indistinct lighting

harsh – extreme differences between light and dark areas, high contrast image

Direction

-frontal light

-side light

-back light

– under light

-top light

Sources

-artificial light- bulbs, glow stick, diodes , other man made light sources

– natural light- sunlight moonlight, fire,

colour

– apparent colour- colour as observed by human eyes.

Colour temperature- colour based on equv. remp. against black background, rep. in K

White balance

3 point lighting

Social Media Report

To promote my work as a film student, and gain a following for the work I produce, I created 2 social media platforms, a twitter and an instagram account.

Lighting task 1

Outside lightUses of light

illumination

Mood

Guide our attention

texture and shape

shadows- two types-attached and cast

Four major features of filmic lighting :

Quality

hard – clearly defined shadows/ light and dark areas

soft – diffused illumination soft shadows indirect or indistinct lighting

harsh – extreme differences between light and dark areas, high contrast image

Direction

-frontal light

-side light

-back light

– under light

-top light

Sources

-artificial light- bulbs, glow stick, diodes , other man made light sources

– natural light- sunlight moonlight, fire,

colour

– apparent colour- colour as observed by human eyes.

Colour temperature- colour based on equv. remp. against black background, rep. in K

White balance

3 point lighting

Social Media Report

To promote my work as a film student, and gain a following for the work I produce, I created 2 social media platforms, a twitter and an instagram account.

Lighting task 1

Outside

 

Lighting Task 1:

Three Point Lighting

Problem

For the 3 pictures below, we experimented with outside lighting by just using one aspect of the three point lighting at a time.

 

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For these two pictures, we used the sunshine as the main light source. In the first image, we let the subject face it directly, while in the second one, he stood at a slight angle. Although photographs are good, there are definitely some shadows that could be less harsh, to create a softer image.

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In the image above, we used a backlight as the main light source. It is clear that the use of this one light does not work too well, as the picture appears too dark with just an outline of light around the subject. Other light sources positioned so that they are facing the subject are definitely needed.

Solution

For these pictures, we used a three point lighting system instead, to solve the problems that we had when we took the pictures previously shown. It is definitely visible that the quality of these pictures are much better. Using the sunlight, a reflector and an artificial light, we were able to create and manipulate the right amount of light and shadow on the subject.

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Although better than before, this picture was still a little two dark from the backlight. The artificial light that we were using was not pointed close enough to the subject, but was instead more directed towards the reflector, which was then pointed onto the subject.

 

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For this picture, the lighting was a lot better, and the shadows and light balanced well. However, the reflection of the artificial light can be seen in her glasses. Therefore, we had to try and angle the light so that it gave the same effect, without it reflecting.

 

 

For the next few pictures, we worked a little harder on the way we angled our equipment, until we got the look that we were aiming for. By moving the reflector and the artificial light slightly, the photograph was given a much brighter look, but still not over exposed.

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For the indoor shoots, we experimented with three point lighting further, and tried to find out the different effects we could get by manipulating and changing the position and direction of them.

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For the first few pictures, we could not get the right amount of exposure and shadow, and a lot of them were over exposed, like the one above.

 

 

Eventually, we managed to get the right amount of shadow and light. We experimented with making the face half lit, and half in the shadow.

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Furthermore, adding the colour blue to our back light turned out quite successful, and the gave the photos a nice touch.

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Social Media Report

 

 

To promote my work as a film student, and gain a following for the work I produce, I created 2 social media platforms, a twitter and an instagram account.On my instagram account, I posted video snippets from the film I made for the Hello Project, pictures that were taken of me while shooting it as well as other pictures and short videos I found would be a good contribution to my page, and add to its aesthetic therefore attracting more followers. On my twitter account, I also posted my hello project in a tweet. It was only a 20 second snippet however, and provided a link for the viewers to see the entire thing. This would lead them to my Youtube page so they not only see the hello project, but other films I have and will produce. Besides this, I also tweeted things I thought would attract likes and retweets, furthermore, leading them to my page. I included hashtags so that more people could find them.

 

 

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